In Physics (quantum mechanics) there is this famous phenomenon of particle / wave dualism of light particles (photons), moreover there is also this strange double slit behavior, when you measure in which slit the photon went through its a particle, when you do not measure a single photon its a wave, look it up in Google “double slit experiment”.
We cannot grasp with our “3D” brains how this can be, the paradoxical behavior must happen in a dimension for which we have no senses, at a transcendental level.
I believe that this is also the case for the free will / predestination debate in theology, which is going on for more than 2,000 years now. Intuition tells the people when one is true it excludes the other, so the debate is highly polarized, however the Catholic Church seems to have found the golden middle by saying: “People have a free choice (free will) whether they want to stick to God’s plan (predestination) or not”. The problem even with this golden middle is that God is therefore not omniscient and as a consequence not omnipotent, because he does not know the future then, since the free will of the people is not influenced by Him, people are separate entities from the divine.
There comes a little help from the Computer Sciences (a branch of Mathematics) that goes something like this:
…deterministic Turing machines or non-deterministic Turing machines, can both not solve certain mathematical problems, these problems are called “with mathematical logic unsolvable problems” and are proven mathematically as such…
A guy called Lucas derived from above that there could be free will in humans, OK maybe far fetched, but nonetheless my basis too. I derive from this that both predestination and free will are equally true. Determinism = predestination as in planned events, and non-determinism = the random (True Entropy) uncertainty of events.
Godel Free Will (pdf)
With our fragile brains and psyche we cannot comprehend this dualism because its a paradox, why cannot both sides of a paradox be true? In God’s dimension, in the world of The Holy Spirit maybe this is maybe not a contradiction. We mortals can of course not act, think or experience like God or completely understand God. Moreover maybe God created the Universe simulation like this.
I think we got to have all free will / predestination dualism options open.